We believe effective response is informed response. Shared Hope heavily invests in providing policy leaders, community advocates, and first responders with data-driven, comprehensive studies to create better solutions to fight trafficking.  And it’s paying off. Today, states around the nation have formed coalitions to improve weak laws exposed in The Protected Innocence Challenge. Juvenile detention facilities and service providers use our research to implement stronger identification protocols to increase accurate and timely identification of victims. Advocates are using our research to train others in their community.

View our complete list of resources

csPromising Practices in Combatting Juvenile Sex Trafficking Surrounding Large Events and Beyond (2016)
Proactive, inter-agency, multidisciplinary collaboration has proven helpful in effectively addressing human trafficking surrounding large events, such as the Super Bowl, as multiple municipal entities, neighboring law enforcement agencies, various service providers, local and visiting volunteers, and heightened media focus are generally involved.

Read the Case Study

Traffic-Stop-FINAL_Page_01JuST Response Policy Paper: Non-Criminalization of Juvenile Sex Trafficking Victims (2016)
Discussing the social and legal importance of ending criminalization of minors for prostitution offenses.

Read the Paper


JuST Response Policy Paper: Eliminating the Third Party Control Barrier to Identifying Juvenile Sex Trafficking Victims (2015)
This paper evaluates the fundamental importance of defining sex trafficking to include all instances of commercial sexual exploitation of minors.
Read the Paper


JuST Response Council Field Guidance: Justice for Juveniles
This paper explores non-criminal response mechanisms for Child Sex Trafficking.
Read the Paper


Demanding Justice Arizona (2015)
A Field Assessment of Demand Deterrence and Enforcement and Justice for Victims
Read the report (pdf)


JuST Response State System Mapping Report (2015)
A Review of Current Statutes, Systems, and Services Responses to
Juvenile Sex Trafficking.

Read the report


2015Protected Innocence Challenge (2015) Designed to inspire and equip advocates and bring accountability to states, this comprehensive law analysis provides an annual Report Card on the sufficiency of child sex trafficking laws in each state and recommendations for improvement. Learn More

Protected Innocence Challenge Fact Sheet
Read the
2014 Report
Read the 2013 Report 
Read the 2012 Report 
Read the 2011 Report 


Traffic Stop-coverTraffic Stop (2014)

This report outlines findings from the National Colloquium 2013: Juvenile Justice and Child Welfare Process and Placement for Juvenile Sex Trafficking Survivors and provides valuable insight on current trends for state child serving agency response to domestic minor sex trafficking.


Demanding Justice Report (2014)

The Demanding Justice Report captures information on the features of demand for sex acts with children, and criminal justice enforcement outcomes of the cases that are pursued as commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), while exploring the challenges and successes of implementing anti-demand enforcement methods.

Statutory Protective Responses to Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking Victims (2013)

These flowcharts are intended to provide an overview of the statutory structure of service and placement responses to DMST victims to contribute to the ongoing conversation regarding promising approaches, pervasive challenges and the need to establish new systems versus changing existing systems.


Demanding Justice Benchmark Assessment (2013)

The Demanding Justice Benchmark Assessment is an initial assessment of the criminal consequences for those who purchase sex with a minor in the United States since 2008. The study found though 48 states have a CSEC or trafficking law that pertains to buyers and buyers were identified in 47 states, only 18 of those states had a federal or state CSEC or trafficking conviction brought against a buyer.

Demanding Justice Fact Sheet

NationalColloquium2012ReportNational Colloquium 2012 Report (2013) 

An inventory and evaluation of the current shelter and services response to domestic minor sex trafficking.

Read the National Colloquium 2012 Report
Read the Executive Summary


The National Report on Domestic Sex Trafficking (America’s Prostituted Children (2009)

Investigation into child sex trafficking in the U.S. is compiled in this report which reveals 100,000 American children are exploited through prostitution each year – the average age of entrance only 13 years old.


Field Assessments on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking (2009-2011)

Field assessments measure and evaluate the access to and delivery of services for victims in a community. Law enforcement, prosecutors, public defenders, juvenile detention, juvenile court, nongovernmental/ service provider organizations, and child protection organizations were interviewed to understand how a victim would be identified and routed through the criminal justice system or social service system for treatment.

* indicates the assessment was included in the National Report on Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking.

DEMAND.: A Comparative Examination of Sex Tourism and Trafficking in Jamaica, Japan, the Netherlands, and the United States (2007)

The explosive DEMAND. report and video documentary uses undercover investigation to reveal the sophisticated business model behind sex trafficking and tourism in Jamaica, Japan, the Netherlands and the United States.

Read the DEMAND report.

The United States Mid-Term Review on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in America

Shared Hope International partnered with ECPAT-USA and The Protection Project of the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies in a comprehensive attempt to measure the United States’ progress since the Second World Congress Against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children in 2001 in Japan. The report evaluated best practices, gaps in current efforts and challenges faced in the field to serve as a milestone in continuing progress and a benchmark for measuring success.

Read the Mid-Term Review on CSEC in America